Computational aberration correction in spatiotemporal optical coherence (STOC) imaging
Optics Letters 2020 | Vol. 45, Issue 6 | 1293-1296
Dawid Borycki, Egidijus Auksorius, Piotr Wegrzyn, and Maciej Wojtkowski
Spatiotemporal optical coherence (STOC) imaging is a new technique for suppressing coherent cross talk noise in Fourier-domain full-field optical coherence tomography (FD-FF-OCT). In STOC imaging, the time-varying inhomogeneous phase masks modulate the incident light to alter the interferometric signal. Resulting interference images are then processed as in standard FD-FF-OCT and averaged incoherently or coherently to produce cross-talk-free volumetric optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the sample. Here, we show that coherent averaging is suitable when phase modulation is performed for both interferometer arms simultaneously. We explain the advantages of coherent over incoherent averaging. Specifically, we show that modulated signal, after coherent averaging, preserves lateral phase stability, enabling computational phase correction to compensate for geometrical aberrations. Ultimately, we employ it to correct for aberrations present in the image of the photoreceptor layer of the human retina that reveals otherwise invisible photoreceptor mosaics.