In vivo volumetric imaging by crosstalk-free full-field OCT
Optica 2019 Vol. 6, No. 5, May 608
Patrycjusz Stremplewski, Egidijus Auksorius, Paweł Wnuk, Łukasz Kozoń, Piotr Garstecki, and Maciej Wojtkowski
Cellular resolution imaging of biological structures has always been a challenge due to strong scattering that limits the achievable transverse resolution or imaging penetration depth. Recently, a major advancement toward high-resolution and volumetric imaging was achieved by implementing a parallel detection (i.e., full field) into Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography. The drawback of using parallel detection is that scattered light can travel laterally and get mapped improperly at a camera creating optical crosstalk, which severely impairs the interpretation of subcellular images and limits its use in medical diagnostics. In this work, we demonstrate for what we believe is the first time how to efficiently reduce crosstalk and enable microscopic quality volumetric reconstructions of the scattering tissue-like human skin in vivo, all within less than a half of a second. To minimize crosstalk, we implemented a very fast deformable membrane that introduces random phase illumination. Additionally, the sample is illuminated under variable angles to reduce the contrast of speckles by incoherent summation of the crosstalk-free volumes. Introducing crosstalk and speckle-free OCT will advance imaging prospects closer to the ideal of a noninvasive optical biopsy.